The ionian revolt

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The ionian revolt

Tweet The Ionian Revolt BC was a major uprising of the Greek cities of Asia Minor against Persian rule, and is said to have either delayed an inevitable Persian invasion of mainland Greece, or made that invasion more likely Greco-Persian Wars.

The Persians first crossed into Europe in around BC when Darius launched a fairly unsuccessful campaign against the Scythian nomads north of the Danube. This was followed by the conquest of parts of Thrace ingiving the Persians a foothold in Europe, and threatening the Greek grain trade routes into the Black Sea.

The obvious next target for Persian attack were the cities of mainland Greece, but the Ionian Revolt came first, and gave the Persians a convincing reason for their invasion. Our only major literary source for the revolt is Herodotus, and his account doesn't allow us to be entirely sure about the dates of events within the revolt.

He was living in forced exile at the Persian court at Susa, while his son-in-law Aristagoras ruled Miletus. Histiaeus wrote to his successor encouraging him to revolt. Once the revolt had broken out he then convinced Darius that he could put it down, and was allowed to return home.

He failed to convince the satrap Artaphernes and was forced to flee once again, ending his life as a pirate. He was captured and executed by Artaphernes after the end of the revolt. The immediate trigger of the revolt was the failure of an attack on Naxos.

A group of exiles convinced Aristagoras to support their attempt to regain power on Naxos. He won the support of Artaphernes, satrap of Lydiawho won over Darius I.

The ionian revolt

A fleet of triremes was gathered from the eastern Greek cities, and the expedition set off in The Naxians were warned of the upcoming attack, managed to resist a four-month long siege.

Eventually the Ionians and their Persian supporters were forced to abandon the siege. In the aftermath of this failure Aristogoras decided to trigger a revolt against Persian authority.

He began by summoning a council at Miletus, which decided in favour of war. He then sent messengers to the Ionian fleet, which was still concentrated after the expedition.

A number of other tyrants were present with the fleet, and they were captured and deposed. Aristogoras himself gave up his tyranny, although in practise he remained in command.

He asked each of the rebel cities to provide a general for their own forces, and then in the winter of he left for mainland Greece, where he hoped to find allies. Aristogoras had limited success in Greece.

Sparta refused to help. Athens and Eretria were won over, but the Athenians only provided twenty ships and Eretria five. This small naval squadron arrived at Miletus in the spring of A force largely made up of troops from Ephesus attacked Sardis and inflicted an embarrassing defeat on the Persians.

However the Persians reacted quickly and the Greeks were caught during their retreat and defeated near Ephesus. The Ionian army was disbanded, and in the future the rebels limited themselves to operations near the coast. This defeat also caused the Athenians to withdraw their support and they resisted all further calls for help.

In the aftermath of the attack on Sardis the revolt spread to Cyprus, which had become part of the Persian Empire soon after Darius I came to the throne, to the Greek cities of the Bosporus and the Hellespont and to Caria. At about the same time Athens withdrew its support for the revolt.

On Cyprus the revolt was led by Onesilus, king of Salamis.that confrontation was the “Ionian revolt” of the Asiatic Greeks against Persia (despite the word Ionian, other Asiatic Greeks joined in, from the Dorian cities to the south and from the so-called Aeolian cities to the north, and the .

The Ionian Revolt, and associated revolts in Aeolis, Doris, Cyprus and Caria, were military rebellions by several Greek regions of Asia Minor .

Sep 08,  · BC, Aristagoras leads the Greek city states of Ionia in rebellion against the world's first superpower, the Persian Empire. This historic revolt last 6 years from to BC, although his. The Ionian Revolt, and associated revolts in Aeolis, Doris, Cyprus and Caria, were military rebellions by several regions of Asia Minor against Persian rule, lasting from BC to BC.

At the heart of the rebellion was the dissatisfaction of the Greek cities of Asia Minor with the tyrants appointed by Persia to rule them, along with the. The Ionian revolt (c.

c) led to the Persian Wars, which includes the famous battle depicted in the movie , the Battle of Thermopylae, and the battle that lent its name to a long race, the Battle of Marathon.

The Ionian Revolt itself did not occur in a vacuum but was preceded by other tensions, notably trouble in Naxos. The Ionian Revolt Logan Nielsen About years ago, the Persian Empire was expanding through Asia and into Asia Minor (the area between the Black and Mediterranean Seas) .

IONIAN REVOLT – Encyclopaedia Iranica