Essay on Feminization Poverty! This term is used by social scientists to refer to the increasing proportion of the female poor in a country.
This is an important issue not only because it affects women, but because women tend to live longer than men and be at greater risk of living in poverty in their old age, and also because the poverty of women frequently represents the poverty of children.
There are a number of correlates that have been found to be related to the phenomenon of women living in poverty. However, these are not causes of the phenomenon nor do they necessarily indicate that a woman is at risk for becoming poor. To better understand The feminization of poverty essay feminization of poverty, it is important to determine what factors place women at higher risk for poverty and what factors mitigate this probability.
In addition, better social programs need to be developed not only to help raise the quality of life for women living in poverty through welfare in the short term, but also to raise it more permanently through helping women overcome the factors that make them at risk.
On one hand, one can typically see luxury apartment buildings, high-end shops, and other trappings of affluence.
On the other hand, one can also see public housing, homeless beggars, and soup kitchens. Although it may be difficult to see these things from the top of the penthouse suite, the truth is that the poor are always with us.
Poverty in the United States fluctuates, although in general it has been on the decline since the s; the poverty rate fell each year between and when it hit Although historically, issues related to poverty were typically broken out according to race or ethnicity, social scientists today are increasingly concerned with the demographic of women living at or below the poverty line.
Although one of the most important demographics in the feminization of poverty comprises young women who are the heads of their households, these are not the only victims. Older women, too, are increasingly affected by poverty due in part to the fact that they live longer than men and are often financially less secure in their later years.
In addition, the feminization of poverty affects not only women, it affects their children as well. In over 30 percent of women-headed families with single mothers were living in poverty. In more than one in five children lived in poverty and approximately 47 percent of children with a single mother lived in poverty.
Increase in Feminization of Poverty Of the poor, the disproportionate number has always comprised women and children. However, more recently, the proportion of women and children among those living at or below the poverty line has been increasing.
This phenomenon — referred to as the feminization of poverty — is not only national, but global as well. Within the United States, the feminization of poverty is the result of several factors including a dramatic growth in families in which a woman is the head of the household, a decline in the proportion of the elderly who are living at or below the poverty level, and continuing gender stratification with concomitant wage inequality between women and men.
These women tend to be young, a fact that, coupled with a decrease in wages of young workers in recent years, makes such households more at risk for poverty.
Another reason for the increasing number of young women who are heads of households is that extended families—which were the center of familial life for many generations—have become increasingly replaced by nuclear families.
This means, for example, that a divorced woman is more likely to set up her own household rather than move back in with her parents. Similarly, single teenage mothers are more likely to set up their own households rather than to continue to live with their parents. As a result, in both these types of situations, a new female head of household situation is created Pressman, Divorce Rate In addition, the divorce rate in this country is relatively high and mothers often receive little child support from their former spouses or the fathers of their children, factors that compound to increase the likelihood of women needing to support a family with insufficient income.
Further, women tend to live longer than men, making older women more at risk for poverty as their sources of income traditionally lower because of gender stratification run out.
In addition, many observers conflict theorists in particular also note that the feminization of poverty is due to other features of discrimination against women, most notably sexual harassment, sexual discrimination in the job market, and the difficulty in finding affordable child care.
Because of such factors, women living in poverty tend to live with lower income than men living in poverty. Lower Educational Achievement Some observers have suggested that the feminization of poverty is a result of lower educational achievement by women.
However, statistics show that education levels have increased rapidly not only in general but for women in particular since the era of World War II.
A more promising explanation, therefore, is the changing age in racial makeup of households headed by women.
Despite the alarmingly high figures for the feminization of poverty, not all women living at or below the poverty line are doing so permanently. Many are in transition while undergoing an economic crisis such as the death, disability, or departure of a spouse.
However, the other half of poor women in the United States are dependent on either the welfare system or on friends or relatives for help. The feminization of poverty is due not only to sociological issues, however, but to political ones as well.
Federal budget cuts in recent years have also contributed to this phenomenon. In addition, since women tend to be more reliant on public sector jobs than are men, federal budget cutbacks also negatively impact the ability of poor women to earn an income.Poverty is a significant threat to women’s equality.
In Canada, more women live in poverty than men, and women’s experience of poverty can be harsher, and more prolonged. Women are often left to bear more burden of poverty, leading to ‘Feminization of poverty’.
Through government policy.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Essay on Feminization Poverty! The gap between women and men in the cycle of poverty is a phenomenon commonly referred to as ‘the feminization of poverty’.
This term is used by social scientists to refer to the increasing proportion of the female poor in a country.
Women are increasingly dominating the ranks of impoverished. The Origins of the Feminization of Poverty The United Nations Development Fund for Women reports that women are still the poorest of the world's poor, representing 70% of the billion people who live in absolute poverty.
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If you need a custom essay or research paper on th . The division of labour and education along gender lines, racial inequalities and discrimination, and unpaid domestic labour all contribute to the growing feminization of poverty.
Feminists are working to decrease the income gap, to benefit the overall health of women and the population at large. The.