The Environment Primary and Secondary Socialization Primary socialization and secondary socialization are the breakdown of Socialization. Socialization starts from the moment we are born and continues until we die. Primary socialization is the process that consist the most important development stage a human being will go through. Primary socialization makes us self-aware between the infant and the people with whom they would have a primary relationship with.
This is a free example essay on Socialization: According to one side of the debate, individuals and social behavior are a product of heredity or nature. The others say that individual and social behavior are a product of experience and learning or nurture.
Darwin pushed the nature viewpoint in his theory of evolution. Evolutionary theorist used his theory to explain cross cultural differences and social inequalities. According to this, the dominant positions the Europeans occupied in the world was a result of natural selection — Asian, African and other people were regarded as Secondary socialization essay inferior.
The concept of survival of the fittest was used to justify genocide. Pavlov experimented to show that dogs could be taught to salivate even at the sound of a bell, Skinner showed that pigeons could be taught ping-pong.
These social scientists argued that human mind is equally malleable. It was believed that human mind is tabula rasa, upon which experience writes. In other words, for behaviorists, socialization is everything. According to sociobiology, biological principles may be used to explain social activities of social animals including humans.
According to sociobiology, human sexual behavior and courtship are based on inborn traits. However, these issues have remained highly controversial and have been much debated about. Usually animals placed low on the evolutionary scale grow with little or no help from adults.
A human infant is most dependent of all. A child can not survive unaided for at least the first four to five years. Socialization is the process whereby people learn the attitudes, actions and values appropriate to individuals as members of a particular culture.
People learn to behave according to the norms of their culture. For example in the U. Socialization occurs through human interaction, — family members, teachers, best friends and also the media and the Internet. Socialization helps us acquire a sense of personal identity and learn what people in the surrounding culture believe and how they expect one to behave.
Socialization connects different generations to one another Turnbull Birth of a child alters the lives of those who bring up the child. Thus learning and adjustment go on throughout the life cycle. The process of socialization Freud viewed socialization as a confrontation between the child and society.
According to him there is constant struggle between the child driven by powerful, inborn sexual and aggressive urges and elders who try to impose on the child appropriate behavior. Other sociologists like Cooley and Herbert Mead view it as collaboration between the child and society.
Some have rejected the idea that infants have erotic wishes and that what happens during infancy and childhood has its impact throughout life and the feminists have criticized him for directing his theories too much toward male experience.
This is the notion that interactions between humans take place though symbols and interpretations of meanings. According to Mead, young children develop as social beings by imitating the action of those around them.
In their play, small children often imitate the adults. At this stage they acquire a sense of self. Agents of Socialization In all cultures, the family is the main source of socialization.
Later in life, other agencies come into play. In modern societies, children spend most of their early years within a domestic unit consisting of mother, father and maybe siblings. In many cultures, uncles, aunts and grandparents do the caretaking of infants.Blog Home Secondary agent of socialization essays Secondary agent of socialization essays.
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Introduction. Socialization is the communication or interaction process in which the norms and values of a culture are learnt, whereby the individual gains knowledge to adapt his or her behavior to that of a social group (Groenman et al., p).
Socialization essay. Socialization refers to the ways in which people learn to conform to their society??s norms, values, and roles. Primary socialization consists of the ways in which the newborn individual is molded into a person who can interact with others according to the expectations of society.
Secondary socialization occurs in. The other three agents of socialization, peers, school, and the mass media, are considered secondary agents of socialization.
Though these are considered secondary agents, they are very important components of socialization. May 19, · Secondary Socialization: A Reflective Essay Introduction In secondary socialization, or the process of learning how one should act as a part of society and in different situations that occur in that society, there are three agents to be discussed here: school, work, and religion.