Graphology G raphology or handwriting analysis is based upon the interpretation of certain signs and symbols to be found in a specimen of handwriting. In the view of a graphologist, the complicated mental, physical, and psychic machinery known as human beings betray so much detail about themselves in their handwriting because the actual process of handwriting begins in the mind, with thought. All handwriting is first an idea that becomes a desire to communicate that thought to paper.
In the 2nd century the Roman historian Suetonius Tranquillus concluded that the handwriting of Augustus Caesar was not separated sufficiently to read plainly and that he was therefore mean. Nero also deduced from the writing of one of his officers that he was untrustworthy.
Ancient Chinese philosophers could distinguish the distinct writing style of certain calligraphers and made deductions regarding their characters.
This book was probably used by entertainers who travelled from castle to castle giving character readings. It was in about that handwriting analysis really took off in France, when a group of senior ecclesiastical men became seriously interested in the subject. And it was with his pupil, the Abbe Jean-Hippolyte Michon of Paris, that the serious investigative study of handwriting analysis really began.
These volumes provided the basis for further research and led to the establishment of the first graphology society in Paris. He compared thousands of handwriting samples with what was known about the writers, and listed the graphic details common to people with the same qualities.
He made a very extensive list of signs, each of which related in the forms of the letters and had a fixed meaning. If the sign was absent then so was the quality it represented. However, the valuable work Michon did set the scene for subsequent research. One of them, Ludwig Klages —a physicist, philosopher and psychologist, became a leading graphologist.
It was he who created Form Level the overall standard of the writingthe basic quality of a handwriting which plays an essential part in the compilation of an assessment, and in the decision whether a positive or negative interpretation is to be applied. With Hans Busse he founded the German Graphological Society in Munich and edited a periodical which brought graphologists of the day together and featured at length the various graphological discoveries that had taken place.
Most of the readers were, of course, amateurs since graphology was still in its infancy. He worked with soldiers who had lost their writing hands and he discovered that the basic structure of the writing they produced with the other hand or, when both hands had been lost, with their mouths or feet, had not altered.
He looked into initial beginning strokes and terminal end strokes and what they represented in terms of the mental preparation the writer needed before starting and continuing a task without interruption of thought. Speed was also an important consideration for Robert Saudek of Czechoslovakia who immigrated to Britain in about He did research into how a writer is influenced by the school copybook style he or she is first taught and how this style is modified into a unique, personal form by the writer over the years.
His book The Psychology of Handwriting was published inand reprinted in The great Swiss graphologist, Dr Max Pulvera philosopher at the University of Zurich and an associate of the psychologist Dr Carl Jung, conducted research into the symbolism of space margins and the space between lines and words.
In he wrote a famous book entitled Symbolik der Handschrift now available in English as The Symbolism of Handwriting, in which psychology is extensively featured.
He also made a study of the graphological signs of lying or economy with the truth in relation to speed. It is the bridge of communication. An Introduction into Scientific Graphology, the first book to use photographs of the handwriting examples.
Then in Dr Eric Singer, a Doctor of Law from the University of Virginia, moved to London, where he opened a graphology practice, specializing in recruitment and marriage compatibility. His research included ego symbols, ie the personal pronoun I PPI. He wrote three books which were condensed into one inunder the title A Manual of Graphology.
Another American pioneer was June Downey, of the University of Iowa, who worked on the expressive movement of handwriting. Marie Bernard was born in Berlin and became a famous classical singer.
She moved to New York when her husband died, but later moved back to Germany, where she studied graphology, and qualified at Munich University. Inthe President of the American Society of Handwriting Analysts invited her to return to the United States to teach graphology and translate European graphological authors into English.
The Art of Graphology and Sex in Handwriting are particularly highly recommended.The beauty of graphology is that it doesn't matter how often or infrequently you write, how ugly or practised your handwriting, it will always have meaning to the eye of the trained graphologist in the context of personality and character evaluation.
The technique of reading these things from handwriting is called graphology. Graphology probably started about B.C. in China and Japan. We know that one of the most famous early believers was the Greek philosopher Aristotle.
the history of graphology The first specialized book dealing with the relationship between handwriting and the character of the writer was published in in Capri by Camillo Baldi (Baldo), an Italian, who was both Doctor of Medicine and Philosophy and Professor of Theoretical Medicine at the University of Bologna.
Brief History of Graphology. What is Graphology: History of Graphology. Ludwig Klages. Graphology: Handwriting Analysis examples.
When analyzing a given text, we shall observe whether the handwriting is placed to the right (has a big left margin or small right margin) or to the left.
Graphology, inference of character from a person’s handwriting. The theory underlying graphology is that handwriting is an expression of personality ; hence, a systematic analysis of the way words and letters are formed can reveal traits of personality.
The History of Handwriting Analysis! History cont. The first handwriting analysis book published was Camillo Baldi's in Alfred Binet researched graphology from .